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"Structure of the human MLH1 locus and analysis of a large hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma kindred for mlh1 mutations."

Kolodner RD, Hall NR, Lipford J, Kane MF, Morrison PT, Finan PJ, Burn J, Chapman P, Earabino C, Merchant E, et al.



Published Feb. 15, 1995 in Cancer Res volume 55 .

Pubmed ID: 7812952

Abstract:
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma is a major cancer susceptibility syndrome known to be caused by inheritance of mutations in at least four genes such as hMSH2, hMLH1, hPMS1, and hPMS2 which encode components of a DNA mismatch repair system. The hMLH1 genomic locus on chromosome 3p has been cloned and shown to cover approximately 58 kilobases of genomic DNA and contain 19 exons. The sequence of all of the intron-exon junctions has been determined and used to develop methods for analyzing each hMLH1 exon for mutations. Using these methods to analyze a 3p-linked hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma kindred, we have demonstrated that cancer susceptibility in this family is due to the inheritance of a frame shift mutation in the hMLH1 gene.


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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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