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"Seven novel MLH1 and MSH2 germline mutations in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer."

Kruger S, Plaschke J, Pistorius S, Jeske B, Haas S, Kramer H, Hinterseher I, Bier A, Kreuz FR, Theissig F, Saeger HD, Schackert HK

Published Feb. 1, 2002 in Hum Mutat volume 19 .

Pubmed ID: 11754112

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is the most frequent hereditary form of colorectal cancer and is caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. The majority of mutations occur in MLH1 and MSH2. We report hereby seven novel germline mutations in these two genes (five in MLH1 and two in MSH2). All mutations have been found in families fulfilling criteria of the Bethesda guidelines and four of which also fulfilled the Amsterdam criteria. We identified three insertions or deletions of 1 bp leading to premature stop codons (MLH1: c.341delC, c.1413-1414insA; MSH2: c.1119delG) and three nonsense mutations (MLH1: c.67G>T [E23X], c.436C>T [Q146X]; MSH2: c.1857T>G [Y619X]). The corresponding tumors showed a high level of microsatellite instability (MSI-H) and a complete loss of expression of the affected protein. In addition, a missense mutation in MLH1 was identified (c.1984A>C [T662P]). The respective tumor also showed a high level of microsatellite instability but a reduced, rather then lost, expression of the MLH1-protein. This missense mutation was not found in 107 healthy control individuals and in 54 HNPCC patients.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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