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"Novel germline mutations of hMSH2 in a patient with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and in a patient with six primary cancers."

Okamura S, Koyama K, Miyoshi Y, Monden M, Takami M



Published Jan. 1, 1998 in J Hum Genet volume 43 .

Pubmed ID: 9621522

Abstract:
We screened for germline mutations of mismatch repair genes, hMLH1 and hMSH2, in five Japanese families carrying hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and in a patient with multiple primary cancers. Screening the entire coding regions of both genes using polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis, we found two novel germline mutations in hMSH2. One was a 1-bp insertion in exon 12, detected in a patient who had undergone surgery six times for independent tumors (four primary colorectal carcinomas, a small intestinal carcinoma, and an endometrial cancer). The other, in a second patient, was a missense mutation from CTT to TTT at codon 390 in exon 7 that resulted in substitution of phenylalanine for leucine. This conservative alteration was not found in any of 50 normal controls, but we cannot exclude the possibility that it may represent a rare polymorphism rather than a factor in the disease.


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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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