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"Expression of Brca1 is associated with terminal differentiation of ectodermally and mesodermally derived tissues in mice."

Lane TF, Deng C, Elson A, Lyu MS, Kozak CA, Leder P



Published Nov. 1, 1995 in Genes Dev volume 9 .

Pubmed ID: 7590247

Abstract:
We have isolated genomic and cDNA clones of Brca1, a mouse homolog of the recently cloned breast cancer-associated gene, BRCA1. Brca1 encodes an 1812-amino-acid protein with a conserved zinc finger domain and significant homology to the human protein. Brca1 maps to Chromosome 11 within a region of conserved synteny with human chromosome 17, consistent with the mapping of the human gene to 17q21. Brca1 transcripts are expressed in a variety of cultured cells but reveal a specific and dynamic expression pattern during embryonic development. For example, expression is observed first in the otic vesicle of embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5) embryos. This expression diminishes and is replaced by expression in the neuroectoderm at E10.5. By E11-12.5, higher levels are observed in differentiating keratinocytes and in whisker pad primordia. Transcripts also become evident in epithelial cells of the E14-17 kidney. Brca1 expression occurs in differentiating epithelial cells of several adult organs as well, suggesting a general role in the functional maturation of these tissues. Consistent with this, Brca1 transcripts are expressed in both alveolar and ductal epithelial cells of the mammary gland. During pregnancy, there is a large increase in Brca1 mRNA in mammary epithelial cells, an increase that parallels their functional differentiation. Because high rates of breast cancer are associated with loss of BRCA1 in humans, it is possible that this gene provides an important growth regulatory function in mammary epithelial cells. In addition, increased transcription of mammary Brca1 during pregnancy might contribute, in part, to the reduced cancer risk associated with exposure to pregnancy and lactation.


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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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