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"DNA-dependent ATPase from HeLa cells is related to human Ku autoantigen."

Cao QP, Pitt S, Leszyk J, Baril EF

Published July 19, 1994 in Biochemistry volume 33 .

Pubmed ID: 8031790

A 150-kDa DNA-dependent ATPase composed of 83/68-kDa subunits was previously reported to cofractionate with a 21S complex of enzymes for DNA synthesis from HeLa cells (Vishwanatha, J. K., & Baril, E. F. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 8753-8759). The DNA-dependent ATPase was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from a HeLa cell homogenate by a modified procedure that involves subcellular fractionation, poly(ethylene-glycol) precipitation of the combined nuclear extract/cytosol, and chromatography on Q-Sepharose and native and denatured DNA/celluloses followed by Mono-S fast protein liquid chromatography. The purified enzyme showed equimolar amounts of 83- and 68-kDa polypeptides following polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions. Sequence analysis of peptide fragments derived from the separated 83- and 68-kDa polypeptides showed 90-100% homology with the corresponding 80- and 70-kDa subunits of human Ku protein. Immunoblot analysis of the ATPase during the course of its purification and immunoprecipitation with antibodies to the 80- and 70-kDa subunits of human Ku protein confirmed the relationship of the 83- and 68-kDa polypeptides of the human DNA-dependent ATPase to the subunits of human Ku protein. Both the 83- and 68-kDa polypeptides are phosphorylated by a DNA-dependent protein kinase that cofractionates with the ATPase. The DNA-dependent ATPase activity is up regulated by phosphorylation.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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