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"Structural and immunological comparison of indigenous human O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase with that encoded by a cloned cDNA."

von Wronski MA, Shiota S, Tano K, Mitra S, Bigner DD, Brent TP



Published Feb. 15, 1991 in J Biol Chem volume 266 .

Pubmed ID: 1985934

Abstract:
O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase, a ubiquitous and unusual DNA repair protein, eliminates mutagenic and cytotoxic O6-alkylguanine from DNA by transferring the alkyl group to one of its cysteine residues in a second-order suicide reaction. This 22-kDa protein was immunoaffinity-purified to homogeneity from cultured human lymphoblasts (CEM-CCRF line) and compared with the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli expressing a cloned human cDNA. The cellular and recombinant proteins were identical in size, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of intact molecules and their peptides. Immunoprobing of Western blots with three monoclonal antibodies specific for human cellular O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase further indicated identity of the two proteins. The amino acid sequence of the cellular protein was experimentally determined for 87 out of a total of 207 residues and was found to be identical to that deduced from the cDNA sequence. A unique cysteine residue at position 145 was identified as the methyl acceptor site by autoradiographic analysis of peptides and sequence analysis of 3H-methylated O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase. These observations establish that the cloned O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase cDNA encodes the full-length O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase polypeptide that is normally present in human cells. Moreover, the cellular protein does not appear to be significantly modified by posttranslational processes.


This publication refers to following REPAIRtoire entries:

Proteins


Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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