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"hMSH2 and hMSH6 play distinct roles in mismatch binding and contribute differently to the ATPase activity of hMutSalpha."

Iaccarino I, Marra G, Palombo F, Jiricny J

Published May 1, 1998 in EMBO J volume 17 .

Pubmed ID: 9564049

In extracts of human cells, base-base mismatches and small insertion/deletion loops are bound primarily by hMutSalpha, a heterodimer of hMSH2 and hMSH6 (also known as GTBP or p160). Recombinant hMutSalpha bound a G/T mismatch-containing oligonucleotide with an apparent dissociation constant Kd = 2.6 nM, while its affinity for a homoduplex substrate was >20-fold lower. In the presence of ATP, hMutSalpha dissociated from mismatched oligonucleotide substrates, and this reaction was attenuated by mutating the conserved lysine in the ATP-binding domains of hMSH6, hMSH2 or both to arginine. Surprisingly, this reaction required only ATP binding, not hydrolysis. The ATPase activity of hMutSalpha variants carrying the Lys-->Arg mutation in hMSH2 or in hMSH6 was severely affected, but these mutants were still proficient in mismatch binding and were able to complement, albeit to different extents, mismatch repair-deficient cell extracts. The mismatch binding-proficient, ATPase-deficient double mutant was inactive in the complementation assay and its presence in repair-proficient extracts was inhibitory. We conclude that although the ATPase activity of hMutSalpha is dispensible for mismatch binding, it is required for mismatch correction.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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