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"Efficient removal of uracil from G.U mispairs by the mismatch-specific thymine DNA glycosylase from HeLa cells."

Neddermann P, Jiricny J

Published March 1, 1994 in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A volume 91 .

Pubmed ID: 8127859

The uracil DNA glycosylases (EC characterized to date remove uracil from DNA irrespective of whether it is base paired with adenine or mispaired with guanine in double-stranded substrates or whether it is found in single-stranded DNA. We report here the characterization of uracil glycosylase activity that can remove the base solely from a mispair with guanine. It does not recognize uracil either in A.U pairs or in single-stranded substrates. The enzyme, a 55-kDa polypeptide, was previously characterized as a mismatch-specific thymine DNA glycosylase and was thought to be responsible solely for the correction (to G.C) of G.T mispairs that arise as a result of spontaneous hydrolytic deamination of 5-methylcytosine to thymine. Given the broader substrate specificity of the enzyme (in addition to uracil and thymine, the protein can also remove 5-bromouracil from mispairs with guanine), we propose that its biological role in vivo may also include the correction of a subset of G.U mispairs inefficiently removed by the more abundant ubiquitous uracil glycosylases, such as those arising from cytosine deamination in G+C-rich regions of the genome.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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