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"Mechanisms and functions of DNA mismatch repair"

Guo-Min Li



Published Jan. 18, 2008 in Cell Res. .

Pubmed ID: 18157157

Abstract:
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) is a highly conserved biological pathway that plays a key role in maintaining genomic stability. The specificity of MMR is primarily for base-base mismatches and insertion/deletion mispairs generated during DNA replication and recombination. MMR also suppresses homeologous recombination and was recently shown to play a role in DNA damage signaling in eukaryotic cells. Escherichia coli MutS and MutL and their eukaryotic homologs, MutSalpha and MutLalpha, respectively, are key players in MMR-associated genome maintenance. Many other protein components that participate in various DNA metabolic pathways, such as PCNA and RPA, are also essential for MMR. Defects in MMR are associated with genome-wide instability, predisposition to certain types of cancer including hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, resistance to certain chemotherapeutic agents, and abnormalities in meiosis and sterility in mammalian systems.


This publication refers to following REPAIRtoire entries:

Proteins
Pathways


Last modification of this entry: Oct. 14, 2008

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