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"Polymorphisms and HNPCC: PMS2-MLH1 protein interactions diminished by single nucleotide polymorphisms."

Yuan ZQ, Gottlieb B, Beitel LK, Wong N, Gordon PH, Wang Q, Puisieux A, Foulkes WD, Trifiro M

Published Jan. 1, 2002 in Hum Mutat volume 19 .

Pubmed ID: 11793469

Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common autosomal dominant inherited diseases. Mutations in the human mismatch repair (MMR) proteins MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS1, and PMS2 have been found to co-segregate with HNPCC. The MLH1 and MSH2 proteins have been demonstrated to interact with PMS1, PMS2, and MSH6 proteins. A previous study reported that missense mutations in specific regions of MLH1 can lead to defects in protein-protein interactions with PMS2. Here we report that three missense alterations previously identified as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PMS2 (P511K, T597S, and M622I) cause defective protein-protein interactions with MLH1, even though the alterations are not in the previously reported interaction domain. These results suggest that an additional domain in PMS2 affects MLH1-PMS2 interaction. This study also demonstrates that SNPs can result in gene alterations that indeed have a functional effect on protein phenotype. Thus, these three SNPs may ultimately represent variants with an increased risk factor for tumorgenesis in HNPCC. This study is one of the first to use a functional assay to appraise the role of SNPs and suggests that traditional definitions of polymorphisms and mutations are in need of reconsideration.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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