REPAIRtoire - a database of DNA repair pathways

Welcome! Click here to login or here to register.
DNA damage
Draw a picture

Bujnicki Lab Homepage

"Catalytic center of DNA polymerase beta for excision of deoxyribose phosphate groups."

Matsumoto Y, Kim K, Katz DS, Feng JA

Published May 5, 1998 in Biochemistry volume 37 .

Pubmed ID: 9572863

The amino-terminal 8-kDa domain of vertebrate DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) has an activity to excise deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) groups from 5'-incised apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites during base excision repair. The excision reaction proceeds via a beta-elimination reaction following formation of a Schiff base between an aldehyde group of the AP site and an amino group of the enzyme. Here we report that the Lys-72 residue of this enzyme is the catalytic center for dRP excision. Substitutions of Lys-72 with Arg or Gln reduced the dRP excision activity to less than 1% of the wild-type 8-kDa domain, while substitutions of Lys-35, Lys-68, or Lys-84 did not abolish its activity. The Lys-72 mutations also significantly decreased Schiff base intermediates trapped by reduction with sodium borohydride. The 8-kDa domain alone was able to bind preferentially to a single-nucleotide gap or 5'-incised synthetic AP site on double-stranded DNA. The Lys-72 mutations did not affect this damage-specific DNA binding activity. When introduced into the intact enzyme, a mutation of Lys-72 to Arg did not affect DNA synthesis activity of pol beta, but eliminated the repair activity. Addition of the wild-type 8-kDa domain to this reaction restored the repair activity. These results indicate a specific role of Lys-72 of pol beta in the dRP excision during base excision repair.

This publication refers to following REPAIRtoire entries:


Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

Add your own comment!

There is no comment yet.
Welcome stranger! Click here to login or here to register.
Valid HTML 4.01! This site is Emacs powered. Made with Django.