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"A B-cell-specific DNA recombination complex."

Borggrefe T, Wabl M, Akhmedov AT, Jessberger R

Published July 3, 1998 in J Biol Chem volume 273 .

Pubmed ID: 9642267

We have purified and biochemically characterized a multiprotein complex designated SWAP. In a DNA transfer assay, SWAP preferentially recombines ("swaps") sequences derived from Ig heavy chain switch regions. We identified four of the proteins in the SWAP complex: B23 (nucleophosmin), C23 (nucleolin), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and SWAP-70. The first three are proteins known to be present in most cells. B23 promotes single-strand DNA reannealing and the formation of joint molecules in a D-loop assay between homologous, but also between Smu and Sgamma sequences. SWAP-70 is a novel protein of 70 kDa. Its cDNA was cloned and sequenced, and the protein was overexpressed in Escherichia coli. SWAP-70 protein expression was found only in B lymphocytes that had been induced to switch to various Ig isotypes and in switching B-cell lines. SWAP-70 is a nuclear protein, has a weak affinity for DNA, binds ATP, and forms specific, high affinity complexes with B23, C23, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. These findings are consistent with SWAP being the long elusive "switch recombinase" and with SWAP-70 being the specific recruiting element that assembles the switch recombinase from universal components.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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