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"Melanocyte and keratinocyte carcinogenesis: p53 family protein activities and intersecting mRNA expression profiles."

Kulesz-Martin M, Lagowski J, Fei S, Pelz C, Sears R, Powell MB, Halaban R, Johnson J

Published Nov. 1, 2005 in J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc volume 10 .

Pubmed ID: 16363065

Melanocytes and keratinocytes were analyzed for potential roles of p53, p73, and p63 tumor suppressor family proteins and of malignancy-specific gene expression changes in the etiology of multi-step cancer. Melanocytes expressed deltaNp73alpha, two p63 isoforms and p53. Although p21 and Noxa mRNA levels increased following DNA damage, p53 family member binding to p21 and Noxa DNA probes was undetectable, suggesting p53 family-independent responses. In contrast, keratinocytes expressed multiple isoforms each of p73 and p63 that were induced to bind p21 and Noxa DNA probes after ionizing (IR) or after ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation, correlating with p21 and Noxa mRNA induction and with apoptosis. Interestingly, IR-resistant malignant melanocytes and keratinocytes both exhibited Noxa mRNA induction after UVB treatment, correlating with DNA binding of p53 family proteins to the Noxa probe only in keratinocytes. To uncover other malignancy-specific events, we queried mouse initiated keratinocyte clones for early changes that were exacerbated in malignant derivatives and also differentially expressed in human advanced melanoma versus normal melanocytes. Using a new method for ranking and normalization of microarray data for 5000 probe sets, 27 upregulated and 13 downregulated genes satisfied our query. Of these, the majority was associated with late-stage human cancers and six were novel genes. Thus, clonal lineage mouse models representing early through late cancer progression stages may inform the focus on early, potentially causal events from microarray studies of human cancers, facilitating prognosis and molecular therapy.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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