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"Structure of the human DNA repair gene HAP1 and its localisation to chromosome 14q 11.2-12."

Robson CN, Hochhauser D, Craig R, Rack K, Buckle VJ, Hickson ID

Published Sept. 11, 1992 in Nucleic Acids Res volume 20 .

Pubmed ID: 1383925

Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites are pre-mutagenic DNA lesions which occur spontaneously and following exposure of cells to ionising radiation or chemical mutagens. HAP1 (Human AP endonuclease 1), the major enzyme in human cells initiating repair of AP sites, shows strong sequence homology to DNA repair enzymes from bacteria, Drosophila and other mammalian species. We have cloned the HAP1 gene and determined its complete nucleotide sequence. The site of transcription initiation has been mapped to 452 bp upstream of the ATG initiation codon in the genomic DNA. The HAP1 gene consists of five exons and is unusually small (less than 2.6 kb from transcription initiation site to polyadenylation sequence) with 54% of the protein coding region and the entire 3' untranslated region contained within a single exon. The first exon is non-coding. Regions of three exons show sequence homology to the E.coli xth (exonuclease III) gene. Using in situ hybridisation, the HAP1 gene has been localised to human chromosome 14q 11.2-12.

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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