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"Characterization of the structural and functional defect in the Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA binding protein encoded by the ssb-1 mutant gene. Expression of the ssb-1 gene under lambda pL regulation."

Williams KR, Murphy JB, Chase JW

Published Oct. 10, 1984 in J Biol Chem volume 259 .

Pubmed ID: 6384214

The ssb-1 gene encoding a mutant single-stranded DNA binding protein (SSB-1) has been cloned into a vector placing its expression under lambda pL regulation. This construction results in more than 100-fold increased expression of the mutant protein following temperature induction. Tryptic peptide analysis of the mutant protein by high-pressure liquid chromatography and solid-phase protein sequencing has shown that the ssb-1 mutation results in these substitution of tyrosine for histidine at residue 55 of SSB. This change could only occur in one step by a C----T transition in the DNA sequence which has been confirmed. Physicochemical studies of the homogeneous mutant protein have shown that in contrast to that of the wild-type SSB, the tetrameric structure of SSB-1 is unstable and gradually dissociates to monomer as the protein concentration is decreased from about 10 microM to less than 0.5 microM. The SSB-1 tetramer appears to be stable to elevated temperature (45 degrees C) but the monomer is not. We estimate the normal cellular concentration of SSB-1 (single chromosomal gene) to be 0.5-1 microM. Thus, there is a plausible physical explanation for our previous finding that increased expression of ssb-1 reverses the effects of a single gene (chromosomal) copy amount of SSB-1 (Chase, J.W., Murphy, J.B., Whittier, R.F., Lorensen, E., and Sninsky, J.J. (1983) J. Mol. Biol. 164, 193-211). However, even though the in vivo effects of ssb-1 and most of the in vitro defects of SSB-1 protein are reversed simply by increasing SSB-1 protein concentration, the mutant protein is not as effective a helix-destabilizing protein as wild-type SSB as measured by its ability to lower the thermal melting transition of poly[d-(A-T)].

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Last modification of this entry: Oct. 6, 2010

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